Carbohydrates including the sugars are among the most abundant make-up of plants and animals – where they act as a source of energy and supporting tissues of plants. The name name implies that they are made of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
They are classified as mono, di, tri, tetra and polysaccharides. The mono-saccharides eg. Glucose and fructose are colourless crystalline substances with sweet taste . The polysaccharides are tasteless, amorphous, insoluble substances of general formula ( C6H6O6) in which n can be large. They are converted on hydrolysis by acids or enzymes into simpler sugars.
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