Scope and classification
Amines may be looked at as derivatives of ammonia in which one or more hydrogen atoms in ammonia have been replaced, the resulting amine is known as primary amine. Secondary and tertiary amines are derived by replacing two and three hydrogen atoms respectively. The functional groups in amines therefore are -NH2(for primary amines). >NH(for secondary amines). ->N: ( for tertiary amines).
As with ammonia where NH4+ represents tsh quaternary cation called the ammonium ion, amines also form the corresponding quaternary ammonium ions(R. NH3+, R2NH2+, R3NH+, or R4N+) by replacing part or all the hydrogen atoms in NH4 with alkyl or aryl groups. When all the alkyl or aryl groups in amine are the same, the amine is known as simple amine, but when the alkyl or aryl groups are different, the amine is known as mixed amine.
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