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CHEM122: ALCOHOLS, PHENOLS AND ETHERS

IntroductionThere are very many reasons why we should show interest in the study of alcohols. Ethyl alcohol, for example, it is used extensively for beverage purposes the word over in addition to bein…

CHEM122: AMINES, PDF DOWNLOAD

Scope and classificationAmines may be looked at as derivatives of ammonia in which one or more hydrogen atoms in ammonia have been replaced, the resulting amine is known as primary amine. Secondary an…

CHEM122: HALOGEN DERIVATIVES

HALOGEN DERIVATIVESHalogen derivatives of aliphatic or aromatic hydrocarbons are theoretically obtained when one or more hydrogen atoms of an alkane or arene is/are replaced by (one or more) halogen a…

CHEM 122: HYDROCARBONS, PDF DOWNLOAD

1.1. Alkanes Introduction: first class of carbons which we shall study systematically contain only the elements carbon and hydrogen. Such compounds are called hydrocarbons. There are various types of …